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The story of Robusta and Arabica Coffee

TUEsday - 08/11/2011 16:28
Everyone knows Brazil is the largest coffee exporter in the world, but the second is what country? The answer seems quite surprising that it is Vietnam.


Everyone knows Brazil is the largest coffee exporter in the world, but the second is what country? The answer seems quite surprising that it is Vietnam.

Finacial Times newspaper recently published article with the intriguing debate around two types of arabica and robusta coffee. The author posts a leading expert on the analysis of goods in the VM Group, a research consulting firm in London goods.

Brazil ranked first, Vietnam ranked second

Everyone knows Brazil is the largest coffee exporter in the world, but the second is what country? The answer seems quite surprising that it is Vietnam.

Brazil and Vietnam account for most of the coffee production of the world, especially here is the second largest country also offers two types mainly include coffee arabica and robusta. Brazil is Arabica coffee producer world's largest, while Vietnam is the leading robusta coffee production.

Each has a personal preference, people prefer Arabica coffee, with the likes of robusta coffee, but with the true love of coffee, Arabica is perhaps even more choices.

Like any other item, the supply - demand is the decisive factor for the price. Thus, higher prices for arabica see demand for coffee is also higher than robusta. Indeed, only two types of coffee are robusta and arabica, but since these two categories, it can be processed into many different types with different quality.

Why arabica robusta was more popular?

This depends on each person's particular taste. Arabica is considered a delicious flavor, less acrid, but more bitter than robusta. Many people like to drink instant coffee robusta, arabica, but when transferred to drink, the majority do not want them anymore robusta.

Robusta can see is a coffee quality was inferior, but it is better that the weather is. Typically, this type of coffee harvested after 2-3 years, while arabica coffee must be 4-5 years.

Arabica coffee trees is also a difficult and very sensitive to climate, it requires temperature and average annual rainfall to the new standard for high harvest. While Robusta coffee trees can adapt to a variety of different environmental conditions.

Weather conditions affecting crop yield

Coffee production of the annual average is calculated according to the world that is two ways: by how - usually 60kg/bao, or on the attack.

Arabica coffee production in the period 2010 - 2011 is forecast to reach 86 million bags, meet the needs of 80 million packages, while robusta coffee, the supply is 54 million bags, demand is 51 million bags.

The increased demand for coffee is almost unaffected by the global economic recession, in other words, it is not, do not want to give second favorite drink her daily. On the other hand, this growth tends to slow, an average of from 1 to 1.5% per year.

Coffee industry still plays an important role for many emerging markets around the world. Besides Vietnam, the largest robusta coffee production include Brazil, Indonesia, India and Uganda. Colombiala arabica coffee producing country the world's second largest after Brazil. In addition, Central American countries as well as the largest coffee producing country.

Weather played a decisive role to crop yield, but recent incidents in Colombia can be considered as a typical example of the consequences caused by bad weather.

Two previous cases, the country's coffee production is still stood at 12 million bags high, however, heavy rain in late 2008 has caused major problems for the harvest, and transport of coffee. Thus, Colombia's exports have fallen 1 / 3. At the same time a Colombian arabica coffee prices increased by processing firms forced to seek alternative sources of raw materials to ensure quality.

Brazil is a country frequently affected by the frosty weather in the winter lasts from June to August, and this makes the higher price than arabica coffee.

However, this situation has decreased in recent years, since the early 19th, no incident of serious frost damage, in part because markets show signs of a lull, a because coffee operation has been extended to other areas of Brazil less affected by harsh winter weather.

Vietnam benefit from weather

In recent years, the rainy season occurred fairly regularly, so, Vietnam has decided to develop instead of robusta coffee arabica (although later Vietnam also produce small amounts of coffee to this) is completely correct, because robusta coffee is as simple as the name of its "robust" - healthy.

In the future, supply - demand and price of coffee will be like? Warming of the earth - a major concern of all mankind today would be a big threat, especially for Arabica coffee - Popular trees weather is cool, but can not adapt temperature is too low.

However, this is not only a threat particularly for this type of coffee, but it is a bigger threat to the prospects of many other agricultural products.

In the long run, when supply can not meet demand, causing prices to escalate. It was not happening this situation, but a time when commodity prices could "reduce heat" because the technology to enhance the output is still very far away.



The rise of Vietnam

19 decade, Vietnam has virtually no coffee production. However, recently, Vietnam has quickly rose to the forefront of production of this item.

Motivated to become the largest robusta coffee producer in the world is from the decision of the Party aims to promote economic growth thoroughly.

Vietnam politicians have recognized the market opportunity in the production of soluble coffee business. This is a rapidly developing industry. Therefore, Vietnam has intensified its support for coffee production plant in the country.

However, after the coffee is produced mainly for consumption in the external market, but there is still the drink of tea.

In contrast, approximately 50% of Brazil's arabica coffee is consumed in the country, particularly domestic consumption trends are strong compared to the average consumption of the world.


Minh Phuong


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